Battleground General: Arnhem 1944, Jon Sutherland and Diane Canwell

Battleground General: Arnhem 1944, Jon Sutherland and Diane Canwell

Battleground General: Arnhem 1944, Jon Sutherland & Diane Canwell

Battleground General: Arnhem 1944, Jon Sutherland & Diane Canwell

This is a rather unusual book. It resembles the old Fighting Fantasy game books, in which the reader leapt between numbered paragraphs based on their decisions (go to paragraph 50 if you turn left, paragraph 172 if you turn right). Here the topic is the battle of Arnhem. The reader starts as either the British or German commander, and is presented with a series of decisions (turn to paragraph 56 if you go to the bridge, paragraph 127 if you remain at the landing zone). Eventually these decisions lead to defeat or victory (make the same decisions as the original commander to trace the actual course of events).

I'm not entirely sure what to make of this book. It reads well, and quite convincingly. The authors have war gaming experience, and one could certainly look at the book as the equivalent of repeatedly war gaming the battle of Arnhem. On my first game as the British commander I won, as the German commander I lost, but a quick flick through the book looking for the various endings suggests that I was rather lucky as the British.

This is an interesting idea, combining a war game in book form with a whole series of 'what if?' scenarios. An expert on the battle would probably argue with many of the alternative outcomes, but that is rather the joy of the alternative history genre, and they seemed fairly convincing to me.

Chapters
Major General Robert Elliot Urquhart
Battleground General Arnhem - British
Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS Wilhelm Bittrich
Battleground General Arnhem - German

Author: Jon Sutherland & Diane Canwell
Edition: Paperback
Pages: 176
Publisher: Pen & Sword Military
Year: 2011



Battleground General Arnhem 1944 by Jon Sutherland and Diane Canwell

Wargaming is something that I have always fancied having a go at. In the main, it has been time and expense that has precluded me having a go. Similarly, I tend to steer clear of wargaming PC games, as I find it all too easy to spend all weekend playing them! Therefore I was very interested to see this book by Sutherland and Canwell which is, in essence, wargaming in a book. And obviously, with my personal interest in the Battle of Arnhem, I was doubly fascinated to have a go at wargaming Arnhem.

The concept is thus. You play in the role of either of the opposing commanders – in this case, either Major General Roy Urquhart or Waffen SS General Wilhelm Bittrich. After reading the opening entry, you are given a series of choices, which usually entail making a tactical decision. Each step entails going on to another decision if you decide on a particular course of action. In essence, it is kind of like a giant flow chart, but only listed in a book. As far as I can tell it is pretty accurate to history, militarily and in terms of the geography and the ‘feel’ of the battle. I’ve walked over the ground at Arnhem a couple of times, as well as reading every book about the battle more than once, so I guess I’m as much an expert about Arnhem as you can get. Of course, it is quite simplistic, compared to say a PC game or a school hall long board wargame, but that’s the beauty of it – you can sit on the train and play it with yourself, or maybe in conjunction with another fellow military history nerd.

Oh, and if you’re wondering, I won! Playing as Urquhart, I stayed at my HQ initially on the first day, but went ahead to switch the Recce Squadron and the rest of 1st Parachute Brigade to the southern route once I hit opposition on the way into the town. As a result the 2nd Battalion made the Bridge, and more of the Brigade than did in reality. Of course, I know that on the evening of the 17th Urquhart got himself trapped in Arnhem, so I prompltly pulled myself back to main HQ. The rest of the 1st Brigade were held up in the town, but on the second day I switched the 4th Brigade (Grandad included!) to the southern route, down through Oosterbeek. Along with the balance of the 1st Brigade, they made it to the Bridge. The 1st Airlanding Brigade remained on the drop zones, where the Poles later landed. With enough men on the northern end of the Bridge, I sat it out – too many Germans on the south, my probing recces found that the opposition there wasn’t worth wasting too many men on. However, once I heard that XXX Corps had taken Nijmegen Bridge and were advancing up the Island, I charged the south bank in an all or nothing coup de main – and took it!

Having read plenty of Arnhem books, I think that plan might well have worked – but of course, that takes a lot of hindsight. But then again, isn’t that what we do, as historians? Take account of hindsight where others could not at the time? When you consider how it must have been trying to make decisions back in September 1944 – when Urquhart et al knew none of this – you can see how success and failure were divided by such a thin line. A very sobering realisation indeed.


Book Description Paperback. Condition: New. Language: English. Brand new Book. This is the first in a series of game books which put you in command of the forces in engaged in some of history's most famous battles. Your tactical skill and ability to make the right command decision will be tested at every turn of the page. Operation Market Garden in September 1944 was one of the most daring Allied plans of the Second World War. An audacious surprise assault from the air, it was intended to give the Allies a bridgehead across the Rhine, removing the last significant natural barrier on the road to Berlin. If successful it might have shortened the war by months. Will the brave British paratroopers be able to seize the vital bridge at Arnhem and hold it until reinforcements fight their way through? Or will the Germans be able to recover the initiative and crush them in a skilful counterattack? The book presents you with a series of command decisions, aided by situation maps directing you to the next relevant briefing depending on the option you choose. No dice are necessary to play, just this book and your tactical skill. When you buy this book, the fate of nations is in your hands. Seller Inventory # POW9781848844841


Battleground General: Arnhem 1944, Jon Sutherland and Diane Canwell - History

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This is the first in a series of game books which put you in command of the forces in engaged in some of history's most famous battles. Your tactical skill and ability to make the right command decision will be tested at every turn of the page. Operation Market Garden in September 1944 was one of the most daring Allied plans of the Second World War. An audacious surprise assault from the air, it was intended to give the Allies a bridgehead across the Rhine, removing the last significant natural barrier on the road to Berlin. If successful it might have shortened the war by months. Will the brave British paratroopers be able to seize the vital bridge at Arnhem and hold it until reinforcements fight their way through? Or will the Germans be able to recover the initiative and crush them in a skilful counterattack?

The book presents you with a series of command decisions, aided by situation maps directing you to the next relevant briefing depending on the option you choose. No dice are necessary to play, just this book and your tactical skill. When you buy this book, the fate of nations is in your hands.

It reads well, and quite convincingly. This is an interesting idea.

www.historyofwar.org

If you have read any of the accounts written about the Battle of Arnhem and thought that as the commanding General of either the Allied or German forces that you could have controlled or conducted the battle better, then this book at last gives you the opportunity to do so !

Written by a Husband and wife team who are professional writers and also run wargaming holidays in crete, this book is a real gem !

It is the first title in a series of game books which put you as the reader in command of the forces engaged in some of the most famous battles in history.

With Arnhem you can either take the role of Major General Robert Urquhart, 1st Airborne Division or General Willheim Bittrich waffen SS to decide the outcome of one of world war 2's most written about battles.
Your tactical skill and ability will be tested with every decision that you make at every turn of each page.
To help you with your decisions, the book includes situation maps.

WW2 Connection enjoyed this original book, we have played out the various scenarios offered on a number of occasions and in each case the outcome was different, we only once managed to capture, hold and get relieved by 30 corps, so much for our command decisions, a really great book, highly recommended especially to all second world war gamers.

We look forward to the other titles in this series.

ww2 Connection

Jonathan Sutherland and Diane Canwell have written widely on historical subjects, in particular on military and aviation history, and they have long been fascinated by the history of Norfolk and its military heritage. Among their many books are The RAF Air Sea Rescue Service 1918-1986, The Battle of Jutland and Air War Malta.

Jonathan Sutherland and Diane Canwell have written widely on historical subjects, in particular on military and aviation history, and they have long been fascinated by the history of Norfolk and its military heritage. Among their many books are The RAF Air Sea Rescue Service 1918-1986, The Battle of Jutland and Air War Malta.


Battleground General: Arnhem 1944, Jon Sutherland and Diane Canwell - History

This is the first in a series of game books which put you in command of the forces in engaged in some of history's most famous battles. Your tactical skill and ability to make the right command decision will be tested at every turn of the page. Operation Market Garden in September 1944 was one of the most daring Allied plans of the Second World War. An audacious surprise assault from the air, it was intended to give the Allies a bridgehead across the Rhine, removing the last significant natural barrier on the road to Berlin. If successful it might have shortened the war by months. Will the brave British paratroopers be able to seize the vital bridge at Arnhem and hold it until reinforcements fight their way through? Or will the Germans be able to recover the initiative and crush them in a skillful counterattack?

The book presents you with a series of command decisions, aided by situation maps directing you to the next relevant briefing depending on the option you choose. No dice are necessary to play, just this book and your tactical skill. When you buy this book, the fate of nations is in your hands.


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We've only got a small list for you this week, as we have been putting a lot of odds and ends of rules and figures that we've unearthed in the move onto the Special Offers part of the site &ndash this is ongoing, so keep popping back. Note that there is postage on Special Offers, but they can be combined with normal book/rule orders to get above minimum.

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40601 Blitzkrieg Russia (Images of War) / &ndash PBK with 176 pages. Black-and-White illus. Condition Like New £7.50   GBP

40602 War of Austrian Succession 1740-1748 (Modern Wars In Perspective) / Andersson M.S. PBK with 176 pages with Black-and-White illustrated maps. Condition Like New £14.50   GBP

40603 Prosopography of Lacedaemonians: from the Earliest Times to the Death of Alexander The Great. / Poralla, Paul PBK with 202 pages. Black-and-White illustrated maps. Condition Like New £16.50   GBP

40604 Scotland's First War of Independence: A Chronicle of the Struggle Fought and Won by Wallace and Bruce / Tranter, Nigel HBK with 160 pages. Colored illus. Condition Very Good. £10.00   GBP

40605 Estonian Vikings: Estnisches SS-Freiwilligen Bataillon Narwa and Subsequent Units, Eastern Front, 1943-44 (Stahlhelm) / Landwehr, Richard PBK with 78 pages. Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Like New £10.50   GBP

40606 Warlord: Tojo Against the World / Hoyt P. Edwin PBK with 280 pages. With Black-and-White illus. Condition Like New £7.50   GBP

40607 Blood Sacrifice and the Nation: Totem Rituals and the American Flag (Cambridge Cultural Social Studies) / Ignie W. David PBK with 416 pages. Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Like New. £16.50   GBP

40608 AFV Weapons Profile No. 24: M48-M60 Series of Main Battle Tanks / Icks J. Robert PBK with 24 pages. And Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Very Good £6.50   GBP

40610 Afv Weapons Profile, Number 20 Churchill And Sherman Specials / Ellis. Chris PBK with 24 pages. And Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Very Good. £9.50   GBP

40611 AFV Weapons Profile 18: Chieftain and Leopard (Development) / Norman, Michael Major PBK with 28 pages. With Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Very Good. £8.50   GBP

40612 Fashionable lady in the 19th century (Victoria & Albert Museum, London. Publications) / Gibbs-Smith H. Charles PBK with 184 pages. With Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Good. £9.50   GBP

40613 French Cuirassiers Officers, 1804-1815 / &ndash HBK with 144 pages. With coloured illus. Condition Like New. £25.00   GBP

40614 Republic F/RF-84F Thunderstreak/Thunderflash (Aircam Aviation) / &ndash PBK with 48 pages. Bk WH illus. Cond Very Good. £20.00   GBP

40615 Imperial War Museum Handbook / &ndash paperback, 48 pages, publication 1976, illustrated in black and white, edges of cover worn, slight shelf wear, perfect inside £25.00   GBP

40616 Chronicle of SS-Pz-AA10 / Stephan Cazenave Hardback, 304 pages, publ 2007, illustrated in black-and-white throughout, written in French, few slight marks to cover, otherwise mint condition £25.00   GBP

40617 German World War II Organizational Series Volume 2/II Mechanized Ghq Units And Waffen-Ss Divisions / Niehorster, Leo, W, G paperback, 80 pages, publication 1976, black-and-white illustrations, slightly worn at edges, otherwise mint condition £15.00   GBP

40618 Battles & Leaders of the Civil War Vol. 3: The Tide Shifts / &ndash Hardback, 752 pages, illustrations in black-and-white, slightly worn at edges of dust jacket, otherwise mint condition £5.00   GBP

40619 Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles v. 1 (Battles & Leaders of the Civil War) / various Hardback, 750 pages, illustrated in black-and-white inside, slight shelf wear on dust jacket otherwise mint condition £5.00   GBP

40621 Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Retreat with Honor v. 4 (Battles & Leaders of the Civil War) / &ndash Hardback, 829 pages, illustrated in black-and-white throughout, very slight shelfwear, otherwise mint condition £5.00   GBP

40622 Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Struggle Intensifies v. 2 (Battles & Leaders of the Civil War) / &ndash Hardback, 760 pages, illustrated in black-and-white throughout, dust jacket slightly worn at corners, otherwise mint condition £5.00   GBP

40623 War Games Rules: Armoured Warfare at Company and Battalion Battle Group Level, 1950-85: Armoured Warfare at Company and Battalion Group Level, 1950-85 / &ndash Paperback, 40 pages, publ 1979, no illustrations, heavy shelf wear to cover, pages yellowing slightly inside £5.50   GBP

40624 Wargames Rules For Fifteenth To Seventeenth Centuries / Gush, George Paperback, 52 pages, publ 1979, no illustrations, cover fading slightly, fine inside, £11.00   GBP

40625 War games rules 1925-1950: Wargame rules for all arms land warfare from platoon to ballalion level / &ndash paperback, 60 pages, publ 1988, no illustrations, few small marks on cover, fine inside £45.00   GBP

40626 War Games Rules. Armour And Infantry 1925-1950 / &ndash Paperback, 32 pages, publication 1973, no illustrations, few small marks on cover, fine inside £9.50   GBP

40627 English Civil War (History of Uniforms) / Elliot-Wright, Philipp Hardback, 144 pages, publication 1997, illustrated in black-and-white and color throughout, slight shelfwear to cover, fine inside £12.50   GBP

40628 For Commonwealth And Crown. English Gunmakers Of The Seventeenth Century / Cooper, John S Paperback, 237 pages, publication 1993, illustrations in black and white, mint condition £25.00   GBP

40629 Complete Guide to Heraldry&hellip Illustrated&hellip mainly from drawings by Graham Johnston / Fox-Davies, Arthur Hardback, 647 pages, 1909, edition rations in black-and-white and color, colors on cover very faded, pages yellowed and worn at edges £17.00   GBP

40630 War Games Rules: 1685-1845 / &ndash Paperback, 48 pages, publication 1979, no illustrations, cover yellowing slightly, pages yellowing at edges £8.00   GBP

40632 Army Lists 1420 &ndash 1700 For Use With Wargames Research Group Wargames Rules/ Gush, George Paperback, 70 pages, publication 1984, no illustrations, color on cover fading, few small marks on cover £11.50   GBP

40633 Highland Brigade in the Crimea / Sterling, Anthony Paperback, 244 pages, publication 1995, a few illustrations in black-and-white, slight shelf wear to cover, fine inside £5.00   GBP

40634 1809 &ndash Thunder on the Danube &ndash Napoleon's Defeat of the Habsburgs: 1 Abensberg / Gill, John H Hardback, publ 2008, 496 pages, a few illustrations in black-and-white, stain on front of cover, otherwise fine £52.00   GBP

40635 Scotland's Castles (Historic Scotland) / &ndash HBK with 128 pages and Black-and-white/Colored illustrations. Condition Like New £9.50   GBP

40636 History of the American Revolution / &ndash HBK with 541 pages. And with Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Good with slight tears. £6.50   GBP

40637 U.S.A. Army Airborne Forces, Europe, 1942-45 (Key Uniform Guides) / L. Davis Brian PBK with 32 pages and Black-and-White/Colored illustrations. Condition Very Good £9.50   GBP

40638 Combat History of 10 Panzer Division / Restayn. J HBK with 377 pages. And Black-and-White/Colored illustrations. Condition Like New £68.00   GBP

40639 1812: "1812: March on Moscow", "1812: Napoleon in Moscow", "1812: The Great Retreat": Napoleon's Invasion of Russia / Austin, Britten Paul PBK with 454 pages. And BK and WH illus. Condition Very Good. £11.00   GBP

40640 Wargaming In History The Second Anglo-Boer War / Herbert Edwin PBK with 90 pages. With Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Like New £3.50   GBP

40641 Don John of Austria / Petrie, Charles Sir HBK with 335 pages and Black-and-White illustrations. Condition Like New £6.00   GBP

40642 Vikings Voyagers of Discovery and Plunder / Chartrand. R PBK with 208 pages and Black-and-White/Colored illustrations. Condition Very Good. Osprey compilation £15.50   GBP

Text edited by Editor Hebber
Graphics edited by Editor in Chief Bill
Scheduled by Editor in Chief Bill


Major General Robert Elliot Urquhart

In 1943, Major-General Hopkinson was killed in the early stages of the invasion of Italy. This left the 1st Airborne Division leaderless. Temporary command was given to Brigadier Eric Down, but he was sent to India to create a new airborne division.

One of the major problems in finding a replacement was the fact that there were few options within the small airborne force, so a man who understood how paratroopers would operate was necessary. Lieutenant General Browning, commander of the 1st Airborne Corps, chose Brigadier General Robert ‘Roy’ Urquhart. Urquhart was forty-three and after Sandhurst he had been commissioned in the Highland Light Infantry. Between 1941 and 1943, as a Lieutenant Colonel, he had commanded the 2nd Battalion of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, which was part of the 51st Highland Division serving in North Africa.

When Sicily and mainland Italy had been invaded, Urquhart had risen to the rank of Brigadier General and commanded the 51st Division's 231st Brigade Group. He was slightly wounded and was awarded the DSO and bar. Urquhart was then appointed to the General Staff of XII Corps of the Second British Army. Just a few months later, he was offered command of the 1st Airborne Division. He was shocked at the offer, believing the airborne corps to be a closed shop he had no experience of this type of warfare. Urquhart realized that not only was this his opportunity to gain command of a division, but also that airborne troops, once dropped, were effectively ground troops which he had experience of handling.

Urquhart assumed command on 7 January 1944. Many of the senior officers and rank and file of the division were suspicious and sceptical of the appointment. In fact, one the brigadiers, Lathbury, had been given to understand, unofficially, that he would be given the division.

Urquhart faced a difficult time at first as Major General John Frost reported: ‘[Urquhart] was not a man to court popularity and, largely owing to the way the Division was dispersed all over Lincolnshire, we did not see him as much as we would have liked, but he very soon earned our complete respect and trust. In fact few generals have been so sorely tested and have yet prevailed.’

Urquhart quickly earned the respect of his men, as glider-pilot Sergeant Roy Hatch confirmed that Urquhart was ‘a bloody general who didn’t mind doing the job of a Sergeant’.

Urquhart now faced his greatest challenge: Operation Market Garden. The 1st Airborne had to land around Arnhem and then seize the river crossings, holding them until XXX Corps arrived. Urquhart knew that they were the end of the line if anything went wrong and held up the armoured advance, the 1st Airborne would have to hang on.

During the planning for Market Garden, Urquhart regarded it as the job of an airborne commander to get hold of as many transport aircraft as possible without sparing a thought for the other Divisions involved, and so he made a habit of lodging frequent requests with Corps HQ. One time he asked for a further forty aircraft from Browning, who was doubtful that even a small number of these would materialize. Urquhart pointed out that the American Airborne Divisions were receiving more than their fair share of aircraft, but Browning dissuaded him from thinking that this had anything to do with American political pressure, and correctly explained that the divisions were given priority depending on how close they were to the starting line. The US 101st Airborne were to deploy almost all of their infantry strength with the First Lift, because to do otherwise would increase the possibility of a vital bridge being lost and those divisions to the north becoming cut off and utterly destroyed. On Friday 15 January, Urquhart was taking the opportunity to enjoy a round on the few holes still playable at Moor Park Golf Club, Corps HQ, when his Chief of Staff, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mackenzie, put in an appearance to break the news that they were to lose some gliders on the First Lift. No explanation was given, but this was to enable Corps HQ to journey to Nijmegen. Urquhart insisted that whatever had to be left behind on the first day, anti-tank guns were not to be sacrificed. Despite the optimistic intelligence reports stating that there was no substantial German armour in the region to threaten them, Urquhart did not wish to take a chance.

Urquhart's 1st Airborne would be dropped some eight miles from their main objective, the bridge at Arnhem. From the outset, with just seven days to plan the operation, Urquhart faced strong opposition to operational changes from other commanders. He quickly realized that he would have to accept the situation and move on.

Urquhart was not a trained paratrooper. In fact, he suffered from air sickness. When he suggested to Browning that he ought to learn how to jump his Corps commander simply replied: ‘I shouldn't worry about learning to parachute. Your job is to prepare this division for the invasion of Europe. Not only are you too big for parachuting but you are also getting on’. It was decided: Urquhart would land as a passenger on-board one of the gliders in the first lift.

Urquhart's Outline Plan

Urquhart gave his orders on the afternoon of 12 September 1944. In brief these were:

On the morning of 17 September, pathfinders of the 21st Independent Parachute Company (under Major B A ‘Boy’ Wilson) would land they would mark out the three drop zones and landing zones for the first lift.

The major part of 1 Airlanding Brigade under Brigadier Philip ‘Pip’ Hicks would then arrive. They would secure the zones. Lathbury’s 1 Parachute Brigade would strike for the railway bridge to the south of Oosterbeek, then the road bridge at Arnhem along with the pontoon bridge a further half-mile to the west.

Freddie Gough's 1st Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron would also be in the first lift they would make the dash to seize the road bridge and hold it until 1 Parachute Brigade arrived.

Tactical HQ of the 1st Airborne, 1 Airlanding Light Regiment Royal Artillery (less a battery), 1 Airlanding Anti-tank Battery RA, the 1st Parachute Squadron Royal Engineers and other elements would also be in the first lift.

Johnnie Frost's 2nd Parachute Battalion was earmarked to relieve Gough first. It would take up positions on both banks of the Rhine. 3rd Battalion would then arrive and take up positions on the northern approach to the bridge. 1st Battalion would take the high ground to the north of Arnhem.

On 18 September, 4 Parachute Brigade would land and establish a defensive line to the north of the bridgehead.

On 19 September, the 1 Polish Independent Parachute Brigade would arrive, establish positions in the eastern suburbs of Arnhem and complete the bridgehead defensive ring.

1 Airborne would then hold until relieved by the Second British Army.

Intelligence reports suggest that the flak around the Arnhem Bridge is heavy. The presence of German ground units is expected to be minimal. It is believed that there are six infantry divisions, twenty-five guns and around twenty tanks. The German troops are believed to be disorderly and dispirited.

The latest Dutch resistance reports on 15 September suggest that SS units have been seen in the Arnhem area. Urquhart was not given this information until after his division had landed.

If you wish to take on the role of Urquhart in the campaign, turn to Decision 1.

Battleground General: Arnhem - British

Dawn: 17 September 1944

You are already wide awake before the sun comes up. Your batman, Hancock, is fussing about getting your uniform ready. Last night, in the fading light, you caught a glimpse of the tugs and gliders with freshly-painted white stripes across the wings and fuselages. The men were tense and eager for action.

The padre conducted an early-morning communion service on the airfield, and then you decided to eat alone in the mess. As you emerge the airfield in the West Country is buzzing with activity. The men look ready for anything, resplendent in their battle smocks and crash helmets and armed to the teeth. The men of the glider units are standing alongside their Horsas, and equipment is being loaded onto the Hamilcars, anti-tank guns and Bren gun carriers. You approach your own glider and see Graham Roberts, your ADC, Hancock, a signaller and a pair of military policemen who will be your escort and bodyguard.

Inside is your jeep and the policemen's motorcycles. It is a gloriously-sunny Sunday morning and the refreshment vans are doing a roaring trade. The men are reading the morning papers some have chalked rude remarks on the sides of the gliders. You know this scene is being played out across dozens of airfields around England: revving engines, men savouring their last cup of tea, joking and wondering what the day will bring.

You decided that should the worst happen to you Brigadier Lathbury, commanding 1 Para Brigade, will assume command. With great trepidation you clamber aboard the Horsa. The glider is piloted by Colonel Ian Murray, commanding one of the two glider wings. Hancock has packed you a small shoulder pack with your shaving gear and other essentials. Clean clothes are in the jeep. You also carry a map of the Arnhem area, a notebook and a pair of grenades. Hancock eases your apprehension by chatting to you as you strap yourself in. Moments later there is a jolt as the tow-rope takes the strain. Feeling decidedly queasy throughout the flight, you are relieved that the journey is uneventful. Two enormous fleets of aircraft are en route to Holland this time there are no last minute cancellations.

Glancing at your watch some time later you note that it is 1300. Boy Wilson's men will already be on Dutch soil. Half-an-hour later your glider lands gently and you jump out with Hancock by your side, leaving the others to unload the jeep. You stand for a while watching the near-textbook drop. Your staff are busying themselves setting up the tactical HQ under some trees at the edge of a wood.

If you want to remain at your HQ then turn to Decision 26. If you want to check on Hick's Airlanding Brigade to the north, of which there is no news at the moment, turn to Decision 12.

1800 hours 17 September 1944

You have barely covered 100 yards when you hear a terrific explosion off to your right. A huge plume of dust and debris blots out the darkening sky and the windows of the shops and houses shudder. You fear the worst but figure the explosion was too close to be the main road bridge at Arnhem. The Germans must have detonated charges on the railway bridge. You press on. There are definite signs of fighting along the streets. German and British bodies litter the pavements. Some of the buildings have obviously taken damage, but so far you have not seen a living soul. It is difficult to know exactly what you are driving into. If you want to proceed along the road, making for the main bridge, then go to Decision 157. If you want to take a turning to the right and head for the railway bridge then go to Decision 28.


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The photographs in this collection belonged to Luftwaffe Stuka rear gunner and radio operator Erich Heine. The collection includes photographs of flights of Stukas in formation, operating training aircraft, and a selection of different Luftwaffe uniforms and flight gear. The photographer was based for a period in Czechoslovakia, was shot down over the Ukraine in August 1943 and for a time was listed as missing in action.

This collection offers a unique insight into the German experience of World War Two, providing the opportunity to access materials that have never been published before

“The book very ably documents the war career of the aircraft and the pilots, reproducing some outstanding images of war.” —Firetrench

“The most remarkable thing about this album is that it contains photographs of perhaps the most famous Stuka ace, Hans-Ulrich Rudel.” —Inscale.org

“The photographs . . . show the life of Erich and Luftwaffe Stuka crew members through training/deployment/leave and include funerals of squadron members . . . The narrative gives a good overview of the Stuka in service and the photographs show varied views of the aircraft and day to day life within the squadron.” —WW2 Talk


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Diane Canwell has written widely on historical subjects, in particular on military and aviation history, and has long been fascinated by the history of Norfolk and its military heritage. Among her many books are The RAF Air Sea Rescue Service 1918-1986, The Battle of Jutland and Air War Malta.

Jonathan Sutherland has written widely on historical subjects, in particular on military and aviation history, and has long been fascinated by the history of Norfolk and its military heritage. Among his many books are The RAF Air Sea Rescue Service 1918-1986, The Battle of Jutland and Air War Malta.


Watch the video: A Bridge Too Far - Taking Nijmegen