Map of Drake's and Cavendish's Circumnavigations of the Globe

Map of Drake's and Cavendish's Circumnavigations of the Globe


Circumnavigation

Circumnavigation is the complete navigation around an entire island, continent, or astronomical body (e.g. a planet or moon). This article focuses on the circumnavigation of Earth.

The first recorded circumnavigation of the Earth was the Magellan-Elcano expedition, which sailed from Seville, Spain in 1519 and returned in 1522, after crossing the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. Since the rise of commercial aviation in the late 20th century, circumnavigating Earth is straightforward, usually taking days instead of years. [1] Today, the challenge of circumnavigating Earth has shifted towards human and technological endurance, speed, and less conventional methods.


Map Vera totius expeditionis nauticæ : descriptio D. Franc. Draci .

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

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World Antique Wall Map 1595

This World Antique Wall Map 1595 is a beautiful reproduction of an antique classic showing routes around the world of Sir Francis Drake between 1577 and 1580 and Thomas Cavendish between 1586 and 1588. Gift of the estate of Robert H. Power.

Includes text, 2 ancillary maps showing landing at California and Java, 2 ancillary views showing Drake's welcome at Moluccas and Drake's ship cast up on the rocks near the Celebes, and ill. Scale [ca. 1:100,000,000]. At equator (W 1800--E 1800/N 900--S 900).

Perfect for any home or office this antique map makes a great gift.

The Paper version is printed on high quality semi-gloss paper, perfect for framing.
The Laminated version uses 3mm laminate on both sides for durability, is easy to clean and markable

Original Publishing information: Amsterdam: I. Hondius, [ca.1595]

Due to expected demand for this map, please allow up to 7 business days to print and laminate prior to shipping.


Historic Map - World - 1595 - Jodocus Hondius

This gorgeous old map of the world was originally produced circa 1595, by famous cartographer Jodocus Hondius.

The map shows the routes of Sir Francis Drake between 1577 and 1580 and Thomas Cavendish between 1586 and 1588. The two hemisphere old world map is surrounded by ornate artwork as well as various depictions of Drake's ship.

Each map is produced as a detailed museum quality archive print. This special printing process is known as Giclee (zhee-CLAY) and is commonly used to produce very high quality fine art prints. Printed on Archive Paper, Luster Photo Paper, or Matte Canvas.

Map print ships rolled up in a durable cardboard tube. Frame is not included.

Archival Matte Paper - Premium fine art paper that provides accurate color reproduction with high-contrast, high-resolution print output and maximum image permanence.

    • Museum quality archive paper for high-quality fine art.
    • Ultra smooth, neutral white matte finish.
    • Heavy-weight 230 gsm, 9.5 mil thickness.
    • Acid-free and printed with pigment inks for longer print life and enhanced fade resistance.
    • Pigment based Canon LUCIA inks provide smooth tones and rich colors in fine, precise detail.

    Luster Photo Paper - A premium semi-gloss photo paper with a subtle eye-pleasing texture that produces a vivid, richly detailed print. This material results in an exquisitely detailed giclee print of substantially higher quality than a standard map poster.

    • Printed on 10 mil premium luster photo paper resulting in a brilliant, colorful image with a vivid life-like quality.
    • Pigment based Canon LUCIA inks provide smooth tones and rich colors in fine, precise detail.
    • Inks have a lightfastness rating of over 100 years, guaranteeing minimal noticeable fading over a very long period of time.
    • Printed using very high resolution source files.
    • Giclee printing is superior to traditional lithography in a number of ways: colors are brighter, lasts longer, and is a higher resolution.

    Matte Canvas - A premium matte canvas material. Canvas offers a stunning fine art reproduction print perfect for doing a gallery wrap.

    • Printed on 19 mil premium canvas material.
    • Pigment based Canon LUCIA inks provide smooth tones and rich colors in fine, precise detail.
    • Inks have a lightfastness rating of over 100 years, guaranteeing minimal noticeable fading over a very long period of time.
    • Printed using very high resolution source files.
    • Giclee printing is superior to traditional lithography in a number of ways: colors are brighter, lasts longer, and is a higher resolution.

    *If planning to have the canvas stretched on to a wood frame we recommend the option with a 2" margin. Map dimensions will be 4" smaller due to margins.* The outer 2" area of the map is mirrored as a border for wrapping around a frame.

    Canvas on Wood Rails - A canvas print is mounted to wooden hanging rails placed along the top and bottom of the map. Ready to hang on the wall using the attached hanging cord. Wood rails feature a natural finish.


    A New Universal Collection of Authentic Voyages and Travels [Reprint] (1768)[Leatherbound]

    Edward Cavendish Drake

    Published by Pranava Books, 2020

    New - Hardcover
    Condition: NEW

    Leatherbound. Condition: NEW. Leatherbound edition. Condition: New. Leather Binding on Spine and Corners with Golden leaf printing on spine. Reprinted from 1768 edition. NO changes have been made to the original text. This is NOT a retyped or an ocr'd reprint. Illustrations, Index, if any, are included in black and white. Each page is checked manually before printing. As this print on demand book is reprinted from a very old book, there could be some missing or flawed pages, but we always try to make the book as complete as possible. Fold-outs, if any, are not part of the book. If the original book was published in multiple volumes then this reprint is of only one volume, not the whole set. IF YOU WISH TO ORDER PARTICULAR VOLUME OR ALL THE VOLUMES YOU CAN CONTACT US. Sewing binding for longer life, where the book block is actually sewn (smythe sewn/section sewn) with thread before binding which results in a more durable type of binding. THERE MIGHT BE DELAY THAN THE ESTIMATED DELIVERY DATE DUE TO COVID-19. Pages: 853 Pages: 853.


    Circumnavigation is the complete navigation around the entire globe. The first circumnavigation of Earth was the Magellan-Elcano expedition, which sailed from Seville, Spain in 1519 and returned in 1522, after crossing the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. Since the rise of commercial aviation in the late 20th century, circumnavigating Earth is straightforward, usually taking days instead of years.

    The word circumnavigation is a noun formed from the verb circumnavigate, from the past participle of the Latin verb circumnavigare, from circum "around" + navigare "to sail". The first single voyage of global circumnavigation was that of the ship Victoria, between 1519 and 1522, known as the Magellan–Elcano expedition. It was a Castilian (Spanish) voyage of discovery, led initially by the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan between 1519 and 1521, and then by the Spanish Juan Sebastián Elcano from 1521 to 1522.

    The voyage started in Seville, crossed the Atlantic Ocean, and after several stopovers rounded the southern tip of South America, where the expedition discovered the Strait of Magellan, named after the fleet's captain. It then continued across the Pacific, discovering a number of islands on its way, including Guam, before arriving in the Philippines. After Magellan's death in the Philippines in 1521, Elcano took command of the expedition and continued the journey across the Indian Ocean, round the Cape of Good Hope, north along the Atlantic Ocean, and back to Spain in 1522. Elcano and a small group of 18 men were the only members of the expedition to make the full circumnavigation.

    In 1577, Elizabeth I sent Francis Drake to start an expedition against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of the Americas. Drake set out from Plymouth, England in November 1577, aboard Pelican, which he renamed Golden Hind mid-voyage. In September 1578, the ship passed south of Tierra del Fuego, the southern tip of South America, through Drake Passage as it is known today. In June 1579, Drake landed somewhere north of Spain's northernmost claim in Alta California, which is known as Drakes Bay, California. Drake completed the second circumnavigation of the world in September 1580, becoming the first commander to lead an entire circumnavigation. Jeanne Baret is the first woman to complete a voyage of circumnavigation, in 1766–1769

    HMS Driver completed the first circumnavigation by a steam ship in 1845–1847. For the wealthy, long voyages around the world, such as was done by Ulysses S. Grant, became possible in the 19th century, and the two World Wars moved vast numbers of troops around the planet. However, it was the rise of commercial aviation in the late 20th century that made circumnavigation, when compared to the Magellan–Elcano expedition, quicker and safer.


    The Secret Voyage of Sir Francis Drake : 1577-1580

    On September 26, 1580, Francis Drake sailed his ship, the Golden Hinde, into Plymouth Harbor on the southwest coast of England. He had long been given up for lost, and rumors quickly circulated about where he had been on his three-year round-the-world voyage, and about the plunder he had brought home to fill Queen Elizabeth's treasury. However, a veil of secrecy was immediately imposed on the expedition: Drake's journals and charts were impounded, and his men were forbidden, on pain of death, to divulge where they had been especially during the summer of 1579, when they had dropped from sight in the North Pacific.

    In hindsight, Drake's journey was arguably the greatest sea voyage of all time. In a ship barely one hundred feet long, he sailed more than 40,000 miles, much of the voyage at extraordinary speed disrupted the Spanish Empire in the New World encountered often hostile native peoples on four continents narrowly escaped disaster on numerous occasions and became the first captain to circumnavigate the globe.

    Samuel Bawlf masterfully recounts the drama of this extraordinary expedition within the context of England's struggle to withstand the aggression of Catholic Europe and Drake's ambition for English enterprise in the Pacific. He offers fascinating insight into life at sea in the sixteenth century from the dangers of mutiny and the lack of knowledge about wind and current to the arduous physical challenges faced every day by Drake's men. But it is Bawlf's assertion of Drake's whereabouts in the summer of 1579 that gives his book even greater originality. From a seminal study of maps of the period, Bawlf shows with certainty that Drake sailed all the way to Alaska much farther than anyone has heretofore imagined thereby rewriting the history of exploration. Drake was, Bawlf claims, in search of the western entrance to the fabled Northwest Passage, at which he planned to found England's first colony, which could wrest control of the Pacific, and the wealth of the East Indies, from Spain. Drake's voyage was, in fact, far ahead of its time: another 200 years would pass before the eighteenth-century explorers of record reached the northwest coast of North America.

    A cast of luminous characters runs through The Secret Voyage of Sir Francis Drake: Philip II of Spain, Europe's most powerful monarch Elizabeth's spymaster and powerful advisor, Francis Walsingham the encyclopedic cosmographer John Dee and Abraham Ortelius, the great Dutch mapmaker to whom Drake leaked his Pacific discoveries. In the end, though, it is Francis Drake himself who comes most fully to life through the lens of his epic voyage. Remembered most as a privateer and for his victory over the Spanish Armada, the Drake that emerges from these pages is so much more: a dynamic leader of men, a brilliant navigator and sailor, and surely one of history's most daring explorers.


    In Drake's Wake

    During the 1590s Drake must have realised that he had sailed past the zenith of his nautical career, yet he yearned to serve his country at sea. Sir Francis was at the stage of life when he wanted to publish his voyages and proof the Hondius Broadside World Map. Drake had edited Sir Francis Drake Revived , which narrated his path to riches that culminated with the mule train robbery. He had helped to compile The World Encompassed . Drake would never see these major versions in print since both were published after his death in the early 1600s.

    From Bawlff we uniquely learn that in 1594 Drake visited Jodocus Hondius, who had moved to Amsterdam in the previous year. Jodocus had engraved a portrait of Sir Francis. He was in the final stages of completing what would be his famous Broadside World Map. Drake was in Amsterdam finalising the map. This included depicting his route with a dotted line. Since this map included the Cavendish track, engraving could not have commenced before 1589. I was pleased to examine the original print, when I visited the Rotterdam Maritime Museum.

    Early during my visit to Amsterdam, it occurred to me that I should try to ascertain where Hondius lived, when Drake visited him. This was a long shot at trying to establish intimacy in an effort to walk in Drake's footsteps. The History Museum sent me to the National Record Office. Tantalisingly they located an ancient document that showed Hondius purchased a house in Kalverstraat in 1604. A book in the Maritime Museum library stated that in 1593 Hondius bought a house in Kalverstraat. This street runs south from the Nieuwe Kirk meaning the New Church. The Kalverstraat has always been one of the most expensive streets in Amsterdam, which is still lined with exclusive shops. Hondius apparently lived above a shop in a multi-storied house. His portrait reveals him as a thickset jovial-looking man.

    A pictorial map of Amsterdam drawn around 1538 enables us to follow Drake's movements from his ship to the house of Jodocus Hondius. All the buildings that I photographed are depicted on the map. The map proves that the shape of the fortified towers, churches, houses and shops have remained very similar in shape. For instance the houses still have high and steep roofs.

    Drake would have sailed to Amsterdam and anchored in front of the town. He would then have been ferried into the harbour to be set ashore along the wharf at the Damrak. The main street runs along the west quay of small harbour. This is a part of the larger old harbour, which during Drake's visit ran further south until it reached the Dam over the River Amstel, from where Amsterdam derived its name. The dam has subsequently expanded up and down-river and thus greatly reduced the size of the original harbour.

    On Drake's right as he walked towards Hondius's house was the Nieuwe Kirk . This New church is situated west of the Dam. This Gothic basilica is 15th century. The building no longer serves as a church and is only periodically open for exhibitions.

    The Begijnhof adjoins the Kalverstraat and was thus only metres from Hondius's house. This was a former convent from the early 14th century. The house at 34 dates from around 1465. It is claimed that this house is the oldest maintained wooden house in the country. The private chapel opposite was built around 1390. After a fire it was completely rebuilt in the 1490s

    Choir stall at the Oude Kerk

    The Oude Kerk is another unmissable landmark. This Old Church in the heart of the old city is located on the east side of the harbour and dates from 1306. The church was dedicated to St Nicholas, patron saint of seamen. The three stained glass windows in the northeast corner of the Lady Chapel were created in 1555. The paintings on the wooden curved ceiling were added in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. The choir stalls comprise 15th century carvings.

    The church overlooks three dykes to the east that run parallel to the harbour. Between the second and third dyke is the Nieuwmarkt . This New Market Weigh House originally formed part of the city's fortifications. Here ships would load and unload produce. Later the adjacent square was the site for public executions. To the north and seaward is Schrierstoren Tower . This tower was built in 1480-88 to defend the medieval harbour. Here women wept as they waved goodbye to the sailors. This is why the edifice is also called Weepers' Tower. The tower is situated on the seaward side of the Oude Zijde - the Old Side of the city. This is a misnomer because the New Side to the west is the older part.


    World - 1595 Wall Map Mural by Jodocus Hondius

    This reproduction antique map of the world was originally created in 1595 by the famous Dutch cartographer Jodocus Hondius. The map shows the routes of Sir Francis Drake between 1577 and 1580 and Thomas Cavendish between 1586 and 1588. Beautifully illustrated artwork surround separated east and west hemispheres. Insets show landings at California and Java as well as views of Drake's welcome at Moluccas and Drake's ship cast on the rocks near Celebes.

    A gorgeously drawn map of the world from the past that will look fantastic hanging in your home or office. This antique reproduction map has been cleaned, restored, and digitally enhanced for the best print quality.

    This map mural is available in multiple sizes in the following wallcovering materials:

    Peel & Stick Fabric

    • Easily peel off backing and stick to wall
    • Self-adhesive fabric wall covering
    • Resistant to wrinkles, bubbling, & tears.
    • Repositionable, reusable adhesive
    • Leaves no damage or residue on the wall
    • Long lasting adhesive, once applied it will stay in place for many years

    PVC-Free Wallpaper

    • Pre-pasted for easier application
    • Indoor display permanence up to 20 years
    • Water, mold, mildew and flame resistant
    • Vivid colors printed with latex inks
    • 94% Opacity, Ultra-smooth matte finish
    • Greenguard indoor air quality certified

    This map mural can be customized to meet your needs. E-mail or call 1-877-884-2402 to order.

    Choose a Custom Size to Fit Your Wall

    Add Your Company Logo

    We can accommodate numerous other design requests including marking locations, highlighting areas, adding GIS data, changing colors, or add a personalized title. View more info here

    Murals ship within 3-4 business days. We ship our murals rolled up using high quality heavy duty cardboard tubes, a protective paper is wrapped around each mural.

    We ship to all 50 U.S. states and Canada. Shipping is also available to Europe, Australia and many countries worldwide, please contact us for a shipping quote.

    All of our map mural products are printed to order and cannot be returned once opened.

    Our map wall murals are installed just like regular wallpaper, in multiple panels.

    The PVC-Free Wallpaper murals feature ready to hang pre-pasted panels that are water activated. These are ideal for commercial and residential installations.

    The Peel & Stick Fabric is a great option for rental properties or temporary installations where it may be necessary in the future to remove the mural without damaging walls or paint.


    Watch the video: How Magellan circumnavigated the globe - Ewandro Magalhaes