Major-General E. F. Herring

Major-General E. F. Herring

Major-General E. Herring


Major-General E. Herring commanded the 6th Division, Australian Imperial Force from 1941-42, before replacing General Rowell on New Guinea. He commanded Advance New Guinea Force during the second half of the battle of the Kokoda Trail, and during the battles of Buna, Gona and Sanananda.


List of Australian Army generals

The following is an incomplete list of Australian brigadier generals.

Brigadier General is a senior rank in the Armed Forces. It is the lowest ranking General Officer in some countries, usually sitting between the ranks of Colonel and Major General. A Brigadier General is typically in command of a Brigade consisting of around 3,000 troops (three Battalions).

In some countries, this rank is given the name of Brigadier and not considered a General Officer rank, but is usually equivalent to Brigadier General in the armies of nations that use the rank.

In the first quarter of the 20th century, British and Commonwealth Armies used the rank of Brigadier General as a temporary appointment, or as an honorary appointment on retirement. In the 1920s this practice changed to the use of Brigadier, which was not classed as a General Officer and would often only apply while holding certain assignments.


Order of Battle - American Forces - World War I

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New River Notes &mdash Complete

January 21, 2014

After about two years of work we have completed a major upgrade to New River Notes. On January 21, 2014 we switched in the last of the updated files and final page revisions.

In January 2013 we introduced the new site layout but because there were many pages left to do there was a big red Under Construction on the front page. A year later we've finished all of the pages that were on the original site. Construction is complete. We have a great looking site full of material to help you in your research and possibly entertain you.

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January 6, 2013

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New River Notes was originally launched in 1998 by Jeffrey C. Weaver providing New River Valley researchers with a new wealth of information and that tradition is continued today by the Grayson County, Virginia Heritage Foundation, Inc.

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Order of Battle (Unit Structure) - American Forces - World War I

1st Army Corps

Major General Hunter Liggett, commanding.

1st Division - Major General Charles P. Summerall, commanding Lieutenant Colonel Campbell King, Chief of Staff, Major H. K. Loughry, Adjutant General.

  • 1st Brigade Infantry - Major [General] John L. Hines
    • 16th Infantry Regiment
    • 18th Infantry Regiment
    • 2nd Machine Gun Battalion
    • 26th Infantry Regiment
    • 28th Infantry Regiment
    • 3rd Machine Gun Battalion
    • 5th Field Artillery
    • 6th Field Artillery
    • 7th Field Artillery
    • 1st Trench Mortar Battery

    2nd Division (U.S.M.C) - Brigadier General John E. LeJeune, commanding Brigadier General Preston Brown, Chief-of-Staff

    • 3rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Hanson E. Ely
      • 9th Infantry Regiment
      • 23rd Infantry Regiment
      • 5th Machine Gun Battalion
        5th Infantry Regiment 6th Infantry Regiment 6th Machine Gun Battalion
      • 12th Regiment Field Artillery
      • 15th Regiment Field Artillery
      • 17th Regiment Field Artillery
      • 2nd Trench Mortar Battery

      26th Division - Major General Clarence R. Edwards, commanding Lieutenant Colonel Cassius M. Dowell, Chief of Staff Major Charles A. Stevens, Adjutant General.

      • 51st Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General George H. Shelton
        • 101st Infantry Regiment
        • 102nd Infantry Regiment
        • 102nd Machine Gun Battalion
        • 103rd Infantry Regiment
        • 104th Infantry Regiment
        • 103d Machine Gun Battalion
        • 101st Field Artillery Regiment
        • 102nd Field Artillery Regiment
        • 103rd Field Artillery Regiment
        • 101st Trench Mortar Battery

        32nd Division - Major General W. G. Haan, commanding Lieutenant-Colonel Allen L. Briggs, Chief of Staff Major John H. Howard, Adjutant General.

        • 63rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General William D. Connor
          • 125th Infantry Regiment
          • 126th Infantry Regiment
          • 120th Machine Gun Battalion
          • 127th Infantry Regiment
          • 128th Infantry Regiment
          • 121st Machine Gun Battalion
          • 119th Field Artillery Regiment
          • 120th Field Artillery Regiment
          • 121st Field Artillery Regiment
          • 107th Trench Mortar Battery

          41st Division (Sunset) - Major General Robert Alexander, commanding Colonel Harry H. Tebbetts, Chief of Staff, Major Herbert H. White, Adjutant- General.

          • 81st Brigade, Infantry - Brigadier General Wilson B. Burt
            • 161st Infantry Regiment
            • 162nd Infantry Regiment
            • 147th Machine Gun Battalion
            • 163rd Infantry Regiment
            • 164th Infantry Regiment
            • 148th Machine Gun Battalion
            • 146th Regiment Field Artillery
            • 147th Regiment Field Artillery
            • 148th Regiment Field Artillery
            • 116th Trench Mortar Battery

            42nd Division (Rainbow) - Major General C. T. Menoher, commanding Major Walter E. Powers, Adjutant General

            • 83rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General M. Lenihan
              • 165th Infantry Regiment
              • 166th Infantry Regiment
              • 150th Machine Gun Battalion
              • 167th Infantry Regiment
              • 168th Infantry Regiment
              • 151st Machine Gun Battalion
              • 149th Field Artillery Regiment
              • 150th Field Artillery Regiment
              • 151st Field Artillery Regiment
              • 117th Trench Mortar Battery

              2nd Army Corps

              Major General Robert Lee Bullard, commanding

              4th Division - Major General George H. Cameron, commanding Lieutenant-Colonel Christian A. Bach, Chief of Staff Major Jesse D. Elliott, Adjutant General.

              • 7th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General B. A. Poore
                • 39th Infantry Regiment
                • 47th Infantry Regiment
                • 11th Machine Gun Battalion
                • 58th Infantry Regiment
                • 59th Infantry Regiment
                • 12th Machine Gun Battalion
                • 13th Field Artillery Regiment
                • 16th Field Artillery Regiment
                • 77th Field Artillery Regiment
                • 4th Trench Mortar Battery

                28th Division - Major General C. H. Muir, commanding Lieutenant Colonel David J. Davis, Adjutant General.

                • 55th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General T. W. Darrah
                  • 109th Infantry Regiment
                  • 110th Infantry Regiment
                  • 108th Machine Gun Battalion
                  • 111th Infantry Regiment
                  • 112th Infantry Regiment
                  • 109th Machine Gun Battalion
                  • 107th Field Artillery Regiment
                  • 108th Field Artillery Regiment
                  • 109th Field Artillery Regiment
                  • 103rd Trench Mortar Battery

                  30th Division (Wild Cat)

                  Major General Edward M. Lewis, commanding Lieutenant Colonel Robert B. McBride, Chief-of-Staff Lieutenant-Colonel Francis B. Hinkle, Adjutant General.

                  • 59th Brigade, Infantry - Brigadier General Lawrence D. Tyson
                    • 117th Infantry Regiment
                    • 118th Infantry Regiment
                    • 114th Machine Gun Battalion
                    • 119th Infantry Regiment
                    • 120th Infantry Regiment
                    • 115th Machine Gun Battalion
                    • 113th Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 114th Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 115th Field Artillery Regiment
                    • 105th Trench Mortar Battery

                    35th Division

                    Major General Peter E. Traub, commanding Colonel Robert McCleave, Chief of Staff Major J. M. Hobson, Adjutant-General

                    • 69th Brigade, Infantry - Brigadier General Nathaniel McClure
                      • 137th Infantry Regiment
                      • 138th Infantry Regiment
                      • 129th Machine Gun Battalion
                      • 139th Infantry Regiment
                      • 140th Infantry Regiment
                      • 130th Machine Gun Battalion
                      • 128th Field Artillery Regiment
                      • 129th Field Artillery Regiment
                      • 130th Field Artillery Regiment
                      • 110th Trench Mortar Battery

                      77th Division (Upton)

                      Major General George B. Duncan, commanding Major W. N. Haskell, Adjutant-General

                      • 153rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Edward Wittenmayer
                        • 305th Infantry Regiment
                        • 306th Infantry Regiment
                        • 305th Machine Gun Battalion
                        • 307th Infantry Regiment
                        • 308th Infantry Regiment
                        • 306th Machine Gun Battalion
                        • 304th Field Artillery Regiment
                        • 305th Field Artillery Regiment
                        • 306th Field Artillery Regiment
                        • 302nd Trench Mortar Battery

                        82nd Division

                        Major General W. P. Burnham, commanding Lieutenant Colonel Royden E. Beebe, Chief of Staff Lieutenant Colonel John R. Thomas, Adjutant General

                        • 163rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Marcus D. Cronin
                          • 325th Infantry Regiment
                          • 326th Infantry Regiment
                          • 320th Machine Gun Battalion
                          • 327th Infantry Regiment
                          • 328th Infantry Regiment
                          • 321st Machine Gun Battalion
                          • 319th Field Artillery Regiment
                          • 320th Field Artillery Regiment
                          • 321st Field Artillery Regiment
                          • 307th Trench Mortar Battery

                          3rd Army Corps

                          Major General William M. Wright, commanding

                          3rd Division

                          Major General Joseph T. Dickman, commanding Colonel Robert H. Kelton, Chief-of- Staff Captain Frank L. Purdon, Adjutant General

                          • 5th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General F. W. Sladen
                            • 4th Infantry Regiment
                            • 7th Infantry Regiment
                            • 8th Machine Gun Battalion
                            • 30th Infantry Regiment
                            • 38th Infantry Regiment
                            • 9th Machine Gun Battalion
                            • 10th Field Artillery Regiment
                            • 76th Field Artillery Regiment
                            • 18th Field Artillery Regiment
                            • 3rd Trench Mortar Battery

                            5th Division

                            Major General John E. McMahon, commanding Colonel Ralph E. Ingram, Chief-of- Staff Major David P. Wood, Adjutant General

                            • 9th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General J. C. Castner
                              • 60th Infantry Regiment
                              • 61st Infantry Regiment
                              • 14th Machine Gun Battalion
                              • 6th Infantry Regiment
                              • 11th Infantry Regiment
                              • 15th Machine Gun Battalion
                              • 19th Field Artillery Regiment
                              • 20th Field Artillery Regiment
                              • 21st Field Artillery Regiment
                              • 5th Trench Mortar Battery

                              27th Division (New York)

                              Major General J. F. O'Ryan, commanding Lieutenant-Colonel Stanley H. Ford, Chief-of-Staff Lieutenant-Colonel Frank W. Ward, Adjutant General.

                              • 53rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Alfred W. Bjornstad
                                • 105th Infantry Regiment
                                • 106th Infantry Regiment
                                • 105th Machine Gun Battalion
                                • 107th Infantry Regiment
                                • 108th Infantry Regiment
                                • 106th Machine Gun Battalion
                                • 104th Field Artillery Regiment
                                • 105th Field Artillery Regiment
                                • 106th Field Artillery Regiment
                                • 102nd Trench Mortar Battery

                                33rd Division

                                Major General George Bell, Jr., commanding Colonel William K. Naylor, Chief-of- Staff Adjutant General(not named)

                                • 65th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Edward L. King
                                  • 129th Infantry Regiment
                                  • 130th Infantry Regiment
                                  • 123rd Machine Gun Battalion
                                  • 131st Infantry Regiment
                                  • 132nd Infantry Regiment
                                  • 124th Machine Gun Battalion
                                  • 122nd Field Artillery Regiment
                                  • 123rd Field Artillery Regiment
                                  • 124th Field Artillery Regiment
                                  • 108th Trench Mortar Battery

                                  78th Division

                                  Major General James A. McRae, commanding Lieutenant-Colonel Harry N. Cootes, Chief of Staff Major William T. MacMill, Adjutant General.

                                  • 155th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Mark L. Hersey
                                    • 309th Infantry Regiment
                                    • 310th Infantry Regiment
                                    • 308th Machine Gun Battalion
                                    • 311th Infantry Regiment
                                    • 312th Infantry Regiment
                                    • 309th Machine Gun Battalion
                                    • 307th Field Artillery Regiment
                                    • 308th Field Artillery Regiment
                                    • 309th Field Artillery Regiment
                                    • 303rd Trench Mortar Battery

                                    80th Division

                                    Major General Adelbert Cronkhite, commanding Lieutenant Colonel William H. Waldron, Chief of Staff, Major Steven C. Clark, Adjutant General.

                                    • 159th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General George H. Jamerson
                                      • 317th Infantry Regiment
                                      • 318th Infantry Regiment
                                      • 315th Machine Gun Battalion
                                      • 319th Infantry Regiment
                                      • 320th Infantry Regiment
                                      • 315th Machine Gun Battalion
                                      • 313rd Field Artillery Regiment
                                      • 314th Field Artillery Regiment
                                      • 315th Field Artillery Regiment
                                      • 305th Trench Mortar Battery

                                      4th Army Corps

                                      Major General George W. Read, commanding

                                      29th Division

                                      Major General C. G. Morton, commanding Colonel George S. Goodale, Chief-of- Staff Major James A. Ulio, Adjutant-General

                                      • 57th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Charles W. Barber
                                        • 113th Infantry Regiment
                                        • 114th Infantry Regiment
                                        • 111th Machine Gun Battalion
                                        • 115th Infantry Regiment
                                        • 116th Infantry Regiment
                                        • 12th Machine Gun Battalion
                                        • 110th Field Artillery Regiment
                                        • 111th Field Artillery Regiment
                                        • 112th Field Artillery Regiment
                                        • 104th Trench Mortar Battery

                                        37th Division

                                        Major General C. S. Farnsworth, commanding Lieutenant Colonel Dana T. Merrill, Chief of Staff, Major Edward W. Wildrick, Adjutant-General.

                                        • 73rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General C. F. Zimmerman
                                          • 145th Infantry Regiment
                                          • 146th Infantry Regiment
                                          • 135th Machine Gun Battalion
                                          • 147th Infantry Regiment
                                          • 148th Infantry Regiment
                                          • 136th Machine Gun Battalion
                                          • 134th Field Artillery Regiment
                                          • 135th Field Artillery Regiment
                                          • 136th Field Artillery Regiment
                                          • 112th Trench Mortar Battery

                                          83rd Division

                                          Major General E. F. Glenn, commanding Lieutenant Colonel C. A. Trott, Chief-of- Staff Major James L. Cochran, Adjutant General.

                                          • 165th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Ora E. Hunt
                                            • 329th Infantry Regiment
                                            • 330th Infantry Regiment
                                            • 323rd Machine Gun Battalion
                                            • 331st Infantry Regiment
                                            • 332nd Infantry Regiment
                                            • 324th Machine Gun Battalion
                                            • 322nd Field Artillery Regiment
                                            • 323rd Field Artillery Regiment
                                            • 324th Field Artillery Regiment
                                            • 308th Trench Mortar Battery

                                            89th Division

                                            Brigadier General Frank L. Winn, commanding (acting) Colonel C. E. Kilbourne, Chief of Staff Major Jerome G. Pillow, Adjutant General

                                            • 177th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Frank L. Winn
                                              • 353rd Infantry Regiment
                                              • 354th Infantry Regiment
                                              • 341st Machine Gun Battalion
                                              • 355th Infantry Regiment
                                              • 356th Infantry Regiment
                                              • 342nd Machine Gun Battalion
                                              • 340th Field Artillery Regiment
                                              • 341st Field Artillery Regiment
                                              • 342nd Field Artillery Regiment
                                              • 314th Trench Mortar Battery

                                              90th Division

                                              Major General Henry T. Allen, commanding Colonel John J. Kingman, Chief-of- Staff Major Wyatt O. Selkirk, Adjutant-General

                                              • 179th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General John T. O'Neill
                                                • 357th Infantry Regiment
                                                • 358th Infantry Regiment
                                                • 344th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                • 359th Infantry Regiment
                                                • 360th Infantry Regiment
                                                • 345th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                • 343rd Field Artillery Regiment
                                                • 344th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                • 345th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                • 315th Trench Mortar Battery

                                                92nd Division

                                                Major General C. C. Ballou, commanding Lieutenant Colonel Allen J. Greer, Chief of Staff Major Sherburne Whipple, Adjutant General.

                                                • 183rd Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Malvern H. Barnum
                                                  • 365th Infantry Regiment
                                                  • 366th Infantry Regiment
                                                  • 350th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                  • 367th Infantry Regiment
                                                  • 368th Infantry Regiment
                                                  • 351st Machine Gun Battalion
                                                  • 349th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                  • 350th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                  • 351st Field Artillery Regiment
                                                  • 317th Trench Mortar Battery

                                                  5th Army Corps

                                                  Major General Omar Bundy, commanding

                                                  6th Division

                                                  Brigadier General James B. Erwin, commanding, Colonel James M. Pickering, Chief- of-Staff Lieutenant Colonel Robert S. Knox, Adjutant General

                                                  • 11th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General W. R. Dashiell
                                                    • 51st Infantry Regiment
                                                    • 52nd Infantry Regiment
                                                    • 17th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                    • 53rd Infantry Regiment
                                                    • 54th Infantry Regiment
                                                    • 18th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                    • 3rd Field Artillery Regiment
                                                    • 11th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                    • 78th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                    • 6th Trench Mortar Battery

                                                    36th Division

                                                    Major General W. R. Smith, commanding Colonel E. J. Williams, Chief-of-Staff Major William R. Scott, Adjutant-General.

                                                    • 71st Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Henry Hutchings
                                                      • 141st Infantry Regiment
                                                      • 142nd Infantry Regiment
                                                      • 133rd Machine Gun Battalion
                                                      • 143rd Infantry Regiment
                                                      • 144th Infantry Regiment
                                                      • 133rd Machine Gun Battalion
                                                      • 131st Field Artillery Regiment
                                                      • 132nd Field Artillery Regiment
                                                      • 133rd Field Artillery Regiment
                                                      • 111th Trench Mortar Battery

                                                      76th Division

                                                      Major General Harry F. Hodges, commanding Major George M. Peek, Adjutant General

                                                      • 151st Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Frank Albright
                                                        • 301st Infantry Regiment
                                                        • 302d Infantry Regiment
                                                        • 302d Machine Gun Battalion
                                                        • 303rd Infantry Regiment
                                                        • 304th Infantry Regiment
                                                        • 303rd Machine Gun Battalion
                                                        • 301st Field Artillery Regiment
                                                        • 302nd Field Artillery Regiment
                                                        • 303rd Field Artillery Regiment
                                                        • 301st Trench Mortar Battery

                                                        79th Division

                                                        Major General Joseph E. Kuhn, commanding Colonel Tenny Ross, Chief-of-Staff Major Charles B. Moore, Adjutant-General.

                                                        • 157th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General William L. Nicholson
                                                          • 313th Infantry Regiment
                                                          • 314th Infantry Regiment
                                                          • 311th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                          • 315th Infantry Regiment
                                                          • 316th Infantry Regiment
                                                          • 312th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                          • 310th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                          • 311th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                          • 312th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                          • 304th Trench Mortar Battery

                                                          85th Division

                                                          Major General C. W. Kennedy, commanding Colonel Edgar T. Collins, Chief-of- Staff Lieutenant Colonel Clarence Lininger, Adjutant General

                                                          • 169th Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General Thomas B. Dugan
                                                            • 337th Infantry Regiment
                                                            • 338th Infantry Regiment
                                                            • 329th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                            • 339th Infantry Regiment
                                                            • 340th Infantry Regiment
                                                            • 330th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                            • 328th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                            • 329th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                            • 330th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                            • 310th Trench Mortar Battery

                                                            91st Division

                                                            Brigadier General Frederick H. Foltz, commanding Colonel Herbert J. Brees, Chief- of-Staff Major Frederick W. Manley, Adjutant-General

                                                            • 181st Brigade Infantry - Brigadier General John B. McDonald
                                                              • 361st Infantry Regiment
                                                              • 362nd Infantry Regiment
                                                              • 347th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                              • 363rd Infantry Regiment
                                                              • 364th Infantry Regiment
                                                              • 348th Machine Gun Battalion
                                                              • 346th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                              • 347th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                              • 348th Field Artillery Regiment
                                                              • 316th Trench Mortar Battery

                                                              Unassigned to Corps

                                                              81st Division

                                                              Major General C. J. Bailey, commanding Colonel Charles D. Roberts, Chief-of- Staff Major Arthur E. Ahrends, Adjutant-General


                                                              War of the Rebellion: Serial 096 Page 0328 N. AND SE. VA., N. C., W. V.A, MD., AND PA. Chapter LVIII.

                                                              Third Brigade.

                                                              Brigadier General JOSEPH J. BARTLETT.*

                                                              20th Maine, Lieutenant Colonel Charles D. Gilmore.

                                                              32nd Massachusetts, Colonel J. Cushing Edmands.

                                                              1st Michigan, Major George Lockley.

                                                              16th Michigan,+ Bvt. Colonel Benjamin F. Partridge.

                                                              83rd Pennsylvania (six companies), Lieutenant col. Chauncey P. Rogers.

                                                              91st Pennsylvania, Captain John S. Donnell.

                                                              118th Pennsylvania, Bvt. Colonel Charles P. Herring.

                                                              155th Pennsylvania, Bvt. Colonel John Ewing.

                                                              SECOND DIVISION.

                                                              Bvt. Major General ROMEYN B. AYERS.

                                                              First Brigade.

                                                              Bvt. Brigadier General FREDERICK WINTHROP.

                                                              5th New York, Captain Henry Schickhardt.

                                                              140th New York, Captain William J. Clark.

                                                              146th New York, Lieutenant Colonel James Grindlay.

                                                              15th New York Heavy Artillery, Lieutenant Colonel Michael Wiedrich.

                                                              Second Brigade.

                                                              Bvt. Brigadier General ANDREW W. DENISON.++

                                                              1st Maryland, Colonel John W. Wilson.

                                                              4th Maryland, Major Harrison Adreon.

                                                              7th Maryland, Lieutenant Colonel David T. Bennett.

                                                              8th Maryland, Lieutenant Colonel John G. Johannes.

                                                              Third Brigade.

                                                              Bvt. Brigadier General JAMES GWYN.#

                                                              3rd Delaware, Major James E. Baily.

                                                              4th Delaware, Bvt. Lieutenant Colonel Moses B. Gist.

                                                              157th Pennsylvania (four companies), Major Edmund T. Tiers.

                                                              190th Pennsylvania, Captain Richard M. Birkman.

                                                              191st Pennsylvania, Captain Perez L. Norton.

                                                              210th Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Colonel Edward L. Witman.

                                                              THIRD DIVISION.

                                                              Bvt. Major General SAMUEL W. CRAWFORD.

                                                              Sharpshooters.

                                                              1st Battalion New York (three companies), Captain Clinton Perry.

                                                              First Brigade.

                                                              Brigadier General EDWARD S. BRAGG.

                                                              24th Michigan, Lieutenant Colonel Albert M. Edwards.

                                                              143rd Pennsylvania, Colonel Edmund L. Dana.

                                                              149th Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Colonel John Irvin.

                                                              150th Pennsylvania, Captain John W. Sigler.

                                                              6th Wisconsin, Colonel John A. Kellogg.

                                                              7th Wisconsin, Lieutenant Colonel Hollon Richardson.

                                                              ---------------

                                                              *On leave from January 27 Bvt. Brigadier General Alfred L. Pearson, 155th Pennsylvania, temporarily commanding.

                                                              +Brady's and Jardine's companies Michigan Sharpshooters attached.

                                                              ++On leave from January 22 Colonel Richard N. Bowerman, 4th Maryland, temporarily commanding.

                                                              #On leave from January 8 Colonel William Sergeant, 210th Pennsylvania, temporarily commanding.

                                                              ---------------

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                                                              Learn about current events in
                                                              historical perspective on our Origins site.


                                                              MSU ROTC Hall of Fame

                                                              The following are graduates of the Missouri State University Army ROTC who have gone on to outstanding military and civilian careers.

                                                              The Bear Battalion would like to acknowledge not only their successes, but the generosity shown to the Military Science department as so many return to share lessons learned, financial gifts, and alumni outreach.

                                                              Major General David E. White

                                                              Born in Springfield, Missouri and graduated from Southwest Missouri State University with a B.S. degree in Sociology. Earned a Master of Science. Attended all professional military schools to include the War College.

                                                              Highest military decoration: Distinguished Service Medal

                                                              Lieutenant Colonel Robert Payne

                                                              Assigned into the Field Artillery branch, had assignments in: San Francisco, CA Okinawa, Japan Vietnam Oklahoma Washington, D.C. and the Pentagon Panama and Virginia. Recipient of numerous awards including the Legion of Merit and the Bronze Star Medal. Following his military career, he spent time as the Executive Director, Japan-American Society of Florida, and the Far East Trade Development Specialist port authority.

                                                              Lieutenant Colonel Charles Tom Stevens

                                                              Born in Vernon County, Missouri and Distinguished Military Graduate from Southwest Missouri State University. Military decorations include the Legion of Merit, Bronze Star Medal w/ 6 Oak Leaf Clusters and "V" Device, Air Medal, Army Commendation Medal with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters, and two Purple Hearts. He has held several offices at both the state and national level with the National Federation of the Blind since 1974, and continues his work along with his wife, Helen.

                                                              Major General Robert Lynn Gordon

                                                              Born in Kansas City, Kansas and graduated from Southwest Missouri State University with a B.S. degree in Business. Earned a Master of Business Administration from Indiana University. Attended all professional military schools to include the War College.

                                                              Highest military decoration: Distinguished Service Medal

                                                              Lieutenant Colonel Stanton L. Curbow

                                                              129 - Commissioned in 1959

                                                              Infantry branch with assignments in: Kansas Georgia Korea Hawaii Vietnam Virginia Missouri and Panama. Department Head and Professor of Military Science at Southwest Missouri State University 1980-1984. Awards include Combat Infantryman's Badge Bronze Star w/ "V" device Air Medal w/ "V" device & five Purple Hearts. Upon retiring from the Army worked as the Director of Hammons Student Center until officially retiring.

                                                              Lieutenant General Neal T. Jaco

                                                              Born in Springfield, Missouri and graduated from Southwest Missouri State University with a B.S. degree in Physical Education. Earned a Master of Science degree in International Relations from George Washington University. Attended all professional military schools to include the War College.

                                                              Highest military decoration: Distinguished Service Medal

                                                              Major General Robert F. Pennycuick

                                                              Born in Mountain View, Missouri and graduated from Southwest Missouri State University with a B.S. degree in Mathematics. Earned a Master of Art in Management from Webster College. Attended all professional military schools to include the War College.

                                                              Highest Military Decoration: Distinguished Service Medal

                                                              Brigadier General William A. West

                                                              Born in Springfield, Missouri, BG West received his B.S. degree in Political Science and earned a Master of Science degree. Attended all professional military schools to include the Army War College.

                                                              Highest Military Decoration: Legion of Merit

                                                              Last assignment: Director of Operations and Support Officer at the Pentagon

                                                              Major General Fred F. Marty

                                                              Born in St. Louis, Missouri and graduated from Southwest Missouri State University with a B.S. degree in Education. Earned a Master of Business Administration from the University of Alabama. Attended all professional military schools to include the Air War College.

                                                              Highest Military Decoration: Distinguished Service Medal

                                                              Lieutenant General John E. Miller

                                                              Born Paragould, Arkansas and received his B.S. degree in Mathematics. Earned a Master of Science in Operations and Research and Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology. Attended all professional military schools to include the War College.

                                                              Highest Military Decoration: Distinguished Service Medal

                                                              Last assignment: Deputy CG TRADOC at Ft. Monroe, Virginia

                                                              Major General Jarrett J. Robertson

                                                              Born in Springfield, Missouri and graduated from Southwest Missouri State University with a B.S. degree in Public Speaking. Earned a master's degree in History from the University of Missouri-Columbia. Attended all professional military schools to include the National War College.

                                                              Highest Military Decoration: Silver Star

                                                              Killed in Germany, February 1993

                                                              Brigadier General Tony L. Stansberry

                                                              Born in San Angelo, Texas and graduated from Southwest Missouri State University with a B.S. degree in Education. Earned a Master of Science degree in Education Administration. Attended all professional military schools to include Command and General Staff College.

                                                              Highest Military Decoration: Meritorious Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster

                                                              Colonel Arthur D. Hurtado

                                                              Born in Taos, New Mexico. Distinguished military graduate with a B.S. in Chemistry and a MSEE from New Mexico State University. Military decorations include the DCI National Intelligence Achievement Medal, the Defense Superior Service Medal, Bronze Star, Legion of Merit w/ Oak Leaf Cluster, Combat Infantryman's Badge, Parachute Badge, and Purple Heart.

                                                              Instrumental in the formation of the Advisory Board for the Dept of Chemistry, MSU on which he currently serves. A current member of the MSU Foundation Board of Trustees. He also serves as a member of the Command and General Staff College Foundation, Board of Trustees.

                                                              Brigadier General J. Marty Robinson

                                                              Born in Webster County, Missouri, BG Robinson received his B.S. in Finance from Southwest Missouri State University then graduated from the University of Missouri at Kansas City School of Law in 1982. His awards include the Meritorious Service Medal, Army Commendation Medal w/ Oak Leaf Cluster, Army Achievement Medal and the Iraq Campaign Medal.

                                                              Major General Karen E. Dyson

                                                              Master's degrees in Business Administration and National Resource Strategy. Her awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit w/ three Oak Leaf Clusters, the Bronze Star Medal w/ Oak Leaf Cluster, the Meritorious Service Medal w/ five Oak Leaf Clusters, the Parachutist Badge and the Presidential Support Badge.

                                                              Captain William M. Perry

                                                              Distinguished Military Graduate. Assigned into the Field Artillery branch and served 4 ½ years on active duty. CPT Perry departed the military in 1988 and currently is a senior executive and co-lead of the Accenture Negotiations Center of Excellence (CoE). He has started two University Scholarships one dedicated to the ROTC students in memory of his father, and the other for the College of Business.


                                                              Henry II (1133 - 1189)

                                                              Henry II © King of England from 1154, Henry strengthened royal administration but suffered from quarrels with Thomas Becket and his own family.

                                                              Henry was born at Le Mans in north west France on 4 March 1133. His father was Count of Anjou and his mother Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England. Henry had named Matilda as his successor to the English throne but her cousin Stephen had taken over.

                                                              In 1150 - 1151, Henry became ruler of Normandy and Anjou, after the death of his father. In 1152, he married Eleanor of Aquitaine, the greatest heiress in western Europe. In 1153, he crossed to England to pursue his claim to the throne, reaching an agreement that he would succeed Stephen on his death, which occurred in 1154.

                                                              Henry's now began to restore order. Using his talented chancellor Thomas Becket, Henry began reorganising the judicial system. The Assize of Clarendon (1166) established procedures of criminal justice, establishing courts and prisons for those awaiting trial. In addition, the assizes gave fast and clear verdicts, enriched the treasury and extended royal control.

                                                              In 1164, Henry reasserted his ancestral rights over the church. Now archbishop of Canterbury, Becket refused to comply. An attempted reconciliation failed and Becket punished priests who had co-operated with Henry. On hearing this Henry reportedly exclaimed, 'Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest?' Four knights took his words literally and murdered Becket in Canterbury Cathedral in December 1170. Almost overnight Becket became a saint. Henry reconciled himself with the church, but royal control over the church changed little.

                                                              In 1169, an Anglo-Norman force landed in Ireland to support of one of the claimants to the Irish high kingship. Fearing the creation of a separate Norman power to the west, Henry travelled to Dublin to assert his overlordship of the territory they had won. And so, an English presence in Ireland was established. In the course of his reign, Henry had dominion over territories stretching from the Ireland to the Pyrenees.

                                                              Henry now had problems within his own family. His sons - Henry, Geoffrey, Richard and John - mistrusted each other and resented their father's policy of dividing land among them. There were serious family disputes in 1173, 1181 and 1184. The king's attempt to find an inheritance for John led to opposition from Richard and Philip II of France. Henry was forced to give way. News that John had also turned against him hastened Henry's death on 6 July 1189.


                                                              War of the Rebellion: Serial 076 Page 0932 THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN. Chapter L.

                                                              HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY DIVISION,

                                                              Three miles and a half from Fayetteville, July 30, 1864-3 a. m.

                                                              Major-General WHEELER,

                                                              Commanding Cavalry:

                                                              GENERAL: Since arrival of your courier, I received notice from Colonel Harrison that he is opposite the enemy at Shakerag, three miles from here. The enemy has gone into camp there. I move on at once with Ross's brigade.

                                                              Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

                                                              W. H. JACKSON,

                                                              Brigadier-General.

                                                              JULY 30, 1864-12.30 p. m.

                                                              (Received 2 p. m.)

                                                              Brigadier-General ARMSTRONG,

                                                              Commanding, &ampc.:

                                                              Your dispatch of 10.45 a. m. received. The general desires you to hold the crossing at Herring's Mill, if possible. He thinks you may be able to do so by a dismounted force on the east side of the creek. It is important to hold it. If the enemy attempts to cross the Utoy Creek, give them stout resistance.

                                                              [F. A. SHOUP,

                                                              Chief of Staff.]

                                                              JULY 30, 1864-11.10 p. m.

                                                              Brigadier-General KELLY,

                                                              Commanding Cavalry, &c.:

                                                              The general directs me to acknowledge the receipt of your dispatch of to-day from Flat Shoals. There has been no information of General Wheeler since he passed through Jonesborough in pursuit of Yankee raid. The present whereabouts of the raid itself is unknown. The damage by it on Macon road was slight it will, in fact, be repaired to-morrow. The telegraph communication, however, between the break and Macon has to-day been interrupted, and vague rumors report that a raid has gone to Macon itself. The general directs that you rely upon and act according to your best judgment, and keep him informed as to your movements and whereabouts.

                                                              [F. A. SHOUP,

                                                              Chief of Staff.]

                                                              SPECIAL ORDERS,

                                                              ADJT. AND INSP. GENERAL'S OFFICE, Numbers 179.

                                                              Richmond, July 30, 1864.

                                                              * * *

                                                              II. The following-named officers are assigned to duty with the cavalry command of Major General W. T. Martin, Provisional Army, C. S., and will report accordingly: Majs. S. J. Shortt, R. W. Memminger, assistant adjutants-general.

                                                              * * *

                                                              VII. Major J. H. F. Mayo, commissary of subsistence, is assigned to duty as chief commissary of Major General T. C. Hidman's division, and will report accordingly.

                                                              * * *

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                                                              War of the Rebellion: Serial 051 Page 0011 Chapter XIII. THE CHICKAMAUGA CAMPAIGN.

                                                              Numbers 423.-Colonel David Coleman, Thirty-ninth North Carolina Infantry, commanding McNair's brigade.

                                                              Numbers 424.-Brigadier General Joseph B. Kershaw, C. S. Army, commanding McLaws' division.

                                                              Numbers 425.-Colonel James D. Nance, Third South Carolina Infantry.

                                                              Numbers 426.-Brigadier General Benjamin G. Humphreys, C. S. Army, commanding brigade.

                                                              Numbers 427.-Brigadier General Jerome B. Robertson, C. S. Army, commanding brigade.

                                                              Numbers 428.-Colonel Van H. Manning, Third Arkansas Infantry.

                                                              Numbers 429.-Captain R. J. Harding, First Texas Infantry.

                                                              Numbers 430.-Captain James T. Hunter, Fourth Texas Infantry.

                                                              Numbers 431.-Captain T. T. Clay, Fifth Texas Infantry.

                                                              Numbers 432.-Brigadier General Henry L. Benning, C. S. Army, commanding brigade.

                                                              Numbers 433.-Major General Joseph Wheeler, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry Corps.

                                                              Numbers 434.-Major General William T. Martin, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry Division.

                                                              Numbers 435.-Brigadier General Nathan B. Forrest, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry Corps.

                                                              Numbers 436.-Colonel George G. Dibrell, Eighth Tennessee Cavalry.

                                                              Numbers 437.-Brigadier General John Pegram, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry Division.

                                                              Numbers 438.-Colonel John S. Scott, First Louisiana Cavalry, commanding brigade.

                                                              Numbers 439.-Confederate Roll of Honor.

                                                              Numbers 235.

                                                              Organization of the Army of Tennessee, General Braxton Bragg, C. S. Army, commanding, September 19-20, 1863.*

                                                              HEADQUARTERS.

                                                              Escort.

                                                              Captain GUY DREUX.

                                                              Dreux's Company Louisiana Cavalry, Lieutenant O. De Buis.

                                                              Holloway's Company Alabama Cavalry, Captain E. M. Holloway.

                                                              RIGHT WING.

                                                              Lieutenant General LEONIDAS POLK.

                                                              ESCORT.

                                                              Greenleaf's Company Louisiana Cavalry, Captain Leeds Greenleaf.

                                                              CHEATHAM'S DIVISION.+

                                                              Major General BENJAMIN F. CHEATHAM.

                                                              Escort.

                                                              Company G, 2nd Georgia Cavalry, Captain Thomas M. Merritt.

                                                              Jackson's Brigade.

                                                              Brigadier General JOHN K. JACKSON.

                                                              1st Georgia (Confederate), 2nd Battalion, Major James Clarke Gordon.

                                                              5th Georgia, Colonel Charles P. Daniel. 2nd Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters, Major Richard H. Whiteley. 5th Mississippi: Lieutenant Colonel W. L. Sykes. Major John B. Herring. 8th Mississippi, Colonel John C. Wilkinson.

                                                              Smith's Brigade.

                                                              Brigadier General PRESTON SMITH.

                                                              Colonel ALFRED J. VAUGHAN, Jr.

                                                              11th Tennessee, Colonel George W. Gordon.

                                                              12th Tennessee Colonel William M. Watkins.

                                                              47th Tennessee

                                                              13th Tennessee Colonel A. J. Vaugthan,

                                                              154th Tennessee jr., and Lieutenant Colonel R. W. Pitman.

                                                              29th Tennessee, Colonel Horace Rice.

                                                              Dawson's (battalion +) Sharpshooters:

                                                              Major J. W. Dawson.

                                                              Major William Green.

                                                              Major James Purl.

                                                              ---------------

                                                              *Compiled from the reports when not otherwise indicated.

                                                              +Of Polk's corps.

                                                              +Composed of two companies from the 11th Tennessee, two from the 12th and 47th Tennessee (consolidated), and one from the 154th Senior Tennessee.

                                                              ---------------

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                                                              Second World War

                                                              On 6 October 1939, Herring was informed that Major General Sir Thomas Blamey had decided to appoint him as Commander, Royal Artillery, of the 6th Division, of the new Second Australian Imperial Force (AIF) being raised for service overseas. A week later, Herring was promoted to substantive colonel and temporary brigadier, and given the AIF serial number VX15. His first task was to organise his new command, which was equipped with World War I vintage 18 pounder guns and 4.5 inch howitzers. Herring left for Palestine on 15 April�, along with the 6th Division's commander, Major General Iven Mackay and his headquarters. Training was difficult as the old ammunition was in short supply. His command was only partially reequipped with the new 25 pounders before being committed to the Western Desert Campaign in December 1940. [21]

                                                              Western desert

                                                              At the Battle of Bardia, Herring controlled all 120 guns used in the division's attack, in which the infantry were supported by Great-War-style barrages. [22] After the victory at Bardia, Herring's gunners supported the attack on Tobruk. More than half of his guns were British, and some were commanded by regular British officers who were sceptical of the ability of an Australian Militia officer. War Correspondent Chester Wilmot noted that:

                                                              Herring has a quiet, easy manner and his last war service has given him an understanding of the British to which they were quick to respond. After Bardia and Tobruk those officers who had been most skeptical were his strongest champions. In building up the artillery plan, Herring brought to bear the same thorough, relentless logic and attention to detail with which he had so often built up a legal argument. [23]

                                                              Greece

                                                              In the campaign in Greece, Herring had, in addition to his own gunners, the 2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery, 64th Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery and, for a time, the 6th Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery, under his command. [24] His Australian, New Zealand and British gunners demonstrated "the extent to which, in such rugged country, artillery, with reliable infantry ahead, could halt and confuse a pursuer" [25] but they were unable to stop the enemy advance.

                                                              Herring was ordered to evacuate from Greece. He was one of between 7,000 and 8,000 troops that gathered at Nafplion on 24 April�, although transportation had been arranged for only 5,000. The ship that he was to sail on, the Ulster Prince ran aground near the harbour entrance. She was refloated but then ran aground again near the wharf. Despite this, some 6,600 men and women were embarked. [26] Herring and fellow Brigadier Clive Steele were among 5,100 that managed to reach Crete on the Royal Navy transport HMS Glenearn. From there they flew back to Alexandria. [27] Others were transported by HMS Phoebe, HMS Hyacinth, HMAS Stuart and HMAS Voyager, which carried 150 Australian and New Zealand nurses. [26] For his service in Libya and Greece, Herring was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE). [28]

                                                              Defence of Australia

                                                              Herring was promoted to the temporary rank of Major General on 14 August� when he took over command of the 6th Division. He returned to Australia with it in March 1942. Unaware that the government had already decided that General Sir Thomas Blamey should be appointed Commander in Chief, Herring, along with Major General George Alan Vasey and Brigadier Clive Steele, approached Army Minister Frank Forde with a proposal that all officers over the age of 50 be immediately retired and Major General Horace Robertson appointed Commander in Chief. The 'revolt of the generals' collapsed with the announcement that General Blamey was returning from the Middle East to become Commander in Chief, but seems to have done the participants no harm. [29]

                                                              In Blamey's reorganisation of the Army in April 1942, Herring was given command of Northern Territory Force. At this time Darwin was being subjected to Japanese air raids. As supply by sea or air was impractical, Herring developed a land line of communications running across the outback from Alice Springs. [30]

                                                              On 14 August�, Herring was ordered to Esk, Queensland, to assume command of II Corps with the temporary rank of Lieutenant General. As such, he was responsible for the defence of Brisbane. At this time he was criticised in Parliament by Arthur Calwell for allegedly issuing a verbal order whilst commander of the 6th Division that no officer was to be commissioned unless they had at least attained an Intermediate Certificate. There was no evidence that such an order was ever issued, but the allegation reflected a suspicion that Herring was an elitist. [31]

                                                              Papuan campaign

                                                              In the wake of the dismissal of Lieutenant General Sydney Rowell for insubordination, Blamey ordered Herring to join him in Port Moresby as the new commander of I Corps. Before departing, Herring met with General Douglas MacArthur, who emphasised that the first duty of a soldier was obedience to his superiors. [32]

                                                              As at Darwin, Herring's primary difficulty was logistics. The troops on the Kokoda Track had to be supplied from Port Moresby either by air or by Papuan native carriers who lugged stores over the track on their backs. MacArthur created the Combined Operation Service Command (COSC), an unusual combined Australian-American logistical organisation, under U.S. Brigadier General Dwight Johns, who in turn was answerable to Herring. Herring backed a plan to take American engineers off working on the airstrips in order to develop the port by building a causeway to Tatana Island, the successful completion of which doubled the port's capacity and was the logistical turning point of the campaign. [33]

                                                              More controversial was Herring's relief of Brigadier Arnold Potts and Blamey's of Major General Arthur Samuel Allen at Herring's urging. Herring acknowledged that the two men had faced a difficult task but felt that they were tired and that Brigadier Ivan Dougherty and Major General George Alan Vasey could do better. Supporters of Allen, who left school at age 14, saw this as the action of an autocratic elitist who "ran his staff as he had controlled junior counsel in his barrister's chamber they did his bidding, his way, or were forthwith dispensed with". [34]

                                                              In a letter to Herring in 1959, General Robert L. Eichelberger (who had himself relieved two division commanders – Major Generals Edwin F. Harding and Horace H. Fuller) had this to say about the matter:

                                                              It is a funny thing about war historians. If a general dismisses a subordinate at any time he is immediately attacked whereas in our football game, if you have a better player for a particular place, you always play him, and everybody expects you to do this. I have little doubt that the same is true of your ball game. War historians never seem to give generals credit for having thought that X might be better than Y for the next phase of operations. [35]

                                                              In November, Herring flew across the mountains to take control of the fighting around Buna, leaving Blamey to control operations elsewhere in New Guinea. [36] Herring planned the systematic reduction of the Japanese positions at Buna and Sanananda. He struggled to amass enough troops, equipment, guns, and supplies to allow Australian troops under Vasey and Americans under Eichelberger to overcome the Japanese and capture the area. [37]

                                                              New Guinea campaign

                                                              Following the victory at Buna, for which Herring and Eichelberger were appointed Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire, [38] Blamey ordered him to return to Australia for a rest. While in Melbourne, Herring had an attack of malaria, but recovered to resume command in New Guinea in May. Blamey charged him with responsibility for the next phase of Operation Cartwheel, the capture of Lae. Herring would command I Corps, which would be part of New Guinea Force, under Blamey and later Mackay. Blamey intended to have Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead command the subsequent phase of the operation, the assault on Madang. [39]

                                                              At this time operations were in train to drive the Japanese back to Salamaua. Once again, the difficulties of supplying the attacking force were formidable. Out of sensitivity towards the sensibilities of the Americans, Herring left the command arrangements between Major General Stanley Savige's 3rd Division and units of the American 41st Infantry Division ambiguous. This backfired, producing acrimony between the Australian and American commanders. Herring prepared to fire Savige, but an investigation by Major General Frank Berryman determined that the dispute was not Savige's fault. [40]

                                                              The new offensive, which opened on 5 September 1943 with the 7th Division landing at Nadzab by air and 9th Division landing at Lae from the ships of Rear Admiral Daniel E. Barbey's VII Amphibious Force, saw the rapid capture of Lae. While the 7th Division moved up the Markham and Ramu Valleys, the 9th Division made another landing at Scarlet Beach near Finschhafen. The timing of the landing was contentious, with Barbey, who feared air attack, wanting to land at night while Herring held out for a dawn landing, threatening to take the issue to General MacArthur. Eventually Berryman managed to persuade Herring to accept a compromise H-hour in the darkness before dawn. The U.S. Naval Historian Samuel Eliot Morison noted: "The Australians proved to be right 'Uncle Dan's' outfit was not prepared for a neat night landing. The usual SNAFU developed." [41] But Berryman saw Herring as being uncooperative, and his intransigence as a sign of battle weariness. [42]

                                                              In the subsequent Battle of Finschhafen, it soon became clear that the strength of the Japanese forces there had been seriously underestimated, and the 9th Division needed to be resupplied and reinforced, and its casualties evacuated. Herring strove to get the necessary amphibious lift from the navy but the commander of the United States Seventh Fleet, Vice Admiral Arthur S. Carpender, was reluctant to expose his ships to the Japanese air threat. The matter went up the chain of command to Mackay, to Blamey, and ultimately to MacArthur, who could do little, given that he had no real authority over the U.S. Navy. [43]

                                                              Carpender was not inflexible, and reached a compromise with Mackay to transport a battalion to Finschhafen in high speed transports (APDs). Herring was in Dobodura, lunching with Lieutenant General Brehon B. Somervell, when he heard this news. He decided to fly to Milne Bay to discuss the matter of resupply in general with Barbey. On 28 September, Herring and two of his staff officers, Brigadiers R. B. Sutherland and R. Bierwirth, boarded a U.S. Fifth Air Force B-25 Mitchell bomber at Dobodura. As the plane was about to take off, the undercarriage collapsed and the plane ploughed into the Marston Mat runway. A propeller shattered, splinters ripped through the fuselage into the cabin and Sutherland, who was sitting in the navigator's compartment next to Herring, was struck by a flying fragment that killed him instantly. The crew, Herring and Bierwirth escaped shaken but unscathed. The trip to Milne Bay was cancelled. Brigadier Sutherland was buried with full military honours at Soputa the next day, with a fly past by B-25s. When next he flew, Herring once again took a B-25 and made a point of requesting the major who had been in charge of the crashed plane to be his pilot. [44]

                                                              Mackay became convinced that Herring was becoming increasingly difficult to work with as a result of stress and fatigue and asked Blamey for permission to relieve him. Blamey's response was characteristic: Morshead would be on the next plane. [45] Yet Blamey maintained his faith in Herring, who retained command of I Corps on the Atherton Tableland, where he trained his men for the next operation. [46] He did not know when or where this would be, so he focused on amphibious warfare. He created the 1st Beach Group and developed tactics and doctrine for amphibious operations based on his own experience in the New Guinea Campaign and reports from the Allied invasion of Sicily. The benefits of his work would be realised in the Borneo Campaign. [47]


                                                              War of the Rebellion: Serial 058 Page 0587 Chapter XLIV. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. - CONFEDERATE.

                                                              Organization of the Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston, January 20, 1864.

                                                              HARDEE'S CORPS.

                                                              Major General BENJAMIN F. CHEATHAM.

                                                              CHEATHAM'S DIVISION.

                                                              Brigadier General MARCUS J. WRIGHT.

                                                              Jackson's Brigade.

                                                              1st Confederate (Georgia), Major James C. Gordon.

                                                              5th Georgia, Lieutenant Colonel John F. Iverson.

                                                              47th Georgia, Lieutenant Colonel A. C. Edwards.

                                                              65th Georgia, Captain William G. Foster.

                                                              2nd Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters, Major Richard H. Whiteley.

                                                              5th Mississippi, Lieutenant Colonel John B. Herring.

                                                              8th Mississippi, Major John F. Smith.

                                                              Walthall's Brigade.

                                                              24th Mississippi,

                                                              27th Mississippi,

                                                              Lieutenant Colonel A. J. Jones.

                                                              29th Mississippi,

                                                              30th Mississippi,

                                                              34th Mississippi,

                                                              Lieutenant Colonel James M. Johnson.

                                                              Moore's Brigade.

                                                              37th Alabama, Lieutenant Colonel Alexander A. Greene.

                                                              40th Alabama, Lieutenant Colonel T. O. Stone.

                                                              42nd Alabama, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas C. Lanier.

                                                              Wright's Brigade.

                                                              8th Tennessee, Lieutenant Colonel Chris. C. McKinney.

                                                              16th Tennessee, Captain Benjamin Randals.

                                                              28th Tennessee, Lieutenant Colonel David C. Crook.

                                                              51st Tennessee,

                                                              52nd Tennessee,

                                                              Lieutenant Colonel John G. Hall.

                                                              Artillery.

                                                              Major LLEWELLYN HOXTON.

                                                              Alabama Battery, Captain William H. Fowler.

                                                              Florida Battery, Captain Robert P. McCants.

                                                              Mississippi Battery, Captain William B. Turner.

                                                              STEVENSON'S DIVISION.*

                                                              Major General CARTER L. STEVENSON.

                                                              Brown's Brigade.

                                                              3rd Tennessee, Colonel Caldvin H. Walker.

                                                              18th and 26th Tennessee, Lieutenant Colonel William R. Butler.

                                                              32nd Tennessee, Colonel Edmund C. Cook.

                                                              45th Regiment and 23rd Tennessee Battalion, Colonel Anderson Searcy.

                                                              Reynolds' Brigade.

                                                              58th North Carolina,

                                                              60th North Carolina,

                                                              Captain Samuel M. Silver.

                                                              54th Virginia, Captain William G. Anderson.

                                                              63rd Virginia, Major James M. French.

                                                              Cumming's Brigade.

                                                              34th Georgia, Captain W. A. Walker.

                                                              36th Georgia, Major Charles E. Broyles.

                                                              39th Georgia, Lieutenant Colonel J. F. B. Jackson.

                                                              56th Georgia, Colonel E. P. Watkins.

                                                              Pettus' Brigade.

                                                              23rd Alabama, Captain A. C. Roberds.

                                                              30th Alabama, Major John C. Francis.

                                                              31st Alabama, Lieutenant Colonel T. M. Arrington.

                                                              46th Alabama, Captain James R. Cross.

                                                              ---------------

                                                              *Two brigadier-generals reported present for duty.

                                                              ---------------

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