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Chaos in Central Asia After the Death of Alexander the Great

Chaos in Central Asia After the Death of Alexander the Great

Thibron& 39;s hoplites would have fought as hoplites, with a 2 metre-long & 39;doru& 39; spear and & 39;hoplon& 39; shield.Alexander the Great’s death marked the start of a period of tumultuous upheaval, as his fragile empire quickly began to fragment. In Babylon, Athens and Bactria, insurrection erupted against the new regime.

Flaminio Obelisk, Rome

Flaminio Obelisk, Rome

The Flaminio Obelisk is believed to originate from the time of Seti I (1290–1279 BCE), and his son Ramses II (1279-1213 BCE). It was brought to Rome by Emperor Augustus (r. 27 BCE –14 CE) for the Circus...

Battle of Villers-en-Cauchies, 24 April 1794

Battle of Villers-en-Cauchies, 24 April 1794

Battle of Villers-en-Cauchies, 24 April 1794The battle of Villers-en-Cauchies (24 April 1794) saw a small force of Austrian and British cavalry break up a much larger French force that was moving into a position from where it could threaten the Allied army besieging Landrecies (War of the First Coalition).

History of the Earth: Vaalbará, the first supercontinent

History of the Earth: Vaalbará, the first supercontinent

Vaalbará is the name by which the first supercontinent that hypothetically existed on our planet is known. The Earth was formed 4.567 million years ago, and it is estimated that this supercontinent was born between 3.8 - 3.6 billion years ago. Its existence is believed to be largely confirmed thanks to geochronological and paleomagnetic studies performed on the two archaic Kaapvaal cratons (South Africa ) and Pilbara (Australia), where studies indicate that these existed 3 years ago.

Tsar Nicholas II presents an Icon to his troops

Tsar Nicholas II presents an Icon to his troops

Tsar Nicholas II presents an Icon to his troops Here we see a sight unique to the Russian army of the First World War, as Tsar Nicholas II presents a religious icon to kneeling troops.

They decrypt Francoist telegrams encrypted with the PILAR key

They decrypt Francoist telegrams encrypted with the PILAR key

The Cryptography Laboratory of the University of Malaga has decoded 14 telegrams sent in 1940 from the General Security Directorate in Madrid to the Civil Government of Malaga, identifying an unknown 'encryptor' called PILAR. Among other issues, the texts warned about a distribution of Leaflets of the Spanish Democratic Alliance, one of the first opposition groups to Francoism after the Civil War.